Nos 12 meses após a Reserva Federal dos EUA (Fed) começar a reduzir as taxas de juro, o rendimento médio das ações dos EUA foi de 11% acima da inflação. As ações também superaram o desempenho das obrigações do Estado em 6% e das obrigações de empresas em 5%, em média. As ações superaram o dinheiro em 9% nos 12 meses após o início da redução das taxas, em média. As obrigações também têm sido mais vantajosas do que o dinheiro.
Estas são algumas das principais conclusões do artigo de Duncan Lamont, CFA, Head of Strategic Research, Schroders, no qual faz uma análise a longo prazo com base em dados que abrangem 22 ciclos de redução de taxas ao longo de 96 anos:
In the 12-months after the US Federal Reserve (Fed) starts cutting interest rates, the average return from US stocks has been 11% ahead of inflation. Stocks have also outperformed government bonds by 6% and corporate bonds by 5%, on average.
Cash has been left even further in their wake. Stocks have beaten cash by 9% in the 12 months after rates start to be cut, on average. Bonds have also been a better place to be than cash.
These outcomes are the findings of new, long-term, analysis of investment returns during 22 US interest rate cutting cycles since 1928 – see Figure 1.
Stocks prefer it if a recession can be avoided, but have usually coped ok even if one wasn’t
These returns are even more impressive considering that, in 16 of the 22 cycles, the US economy was either already in a recession when cuts commenced, or entered one within 12 months.
Recession dates are marked in Figure 1 and shaded in Figure 2, below.
Stock returns were better if a recession was avoided but, even if it wasn’t, they were still positive on average.
There are big exceptions, and a recession is obviously not something to be welcomed but – for stock market investors – it has not always been something to unduly fear either.
Bond investors, in contrast, tend to do better if a recession occurs. They usually benefit from safe-haven buying (especially government bonds), which drives yields lower and bond prices higher. But they’ve also done ok if a recession was avoided.
Corporate bonds have outperformed government bonds, on average, in the more economically-rosy scenario.
The range of historical returns is wide for stocks and bonds, but both have tended to do well when the Fed has started cutting rates.
What about today? Unlike most historical episodes, the Fed is not considering cutting rates because it’s worried that the economy is too weak. It is doing so because inflation is going in the right direction, meaning policy does not have to be so restrictive.
If it is right, and can engineer a “soft landing”, then 2024 could be a good year for stock market investors and bond investors.
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